Eczema(Atopic Dermatitis) in Babies

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that can be influenced by various factors, including genetic, environmental, and immunological factors. While food allergies can be associated with eczema, they are not the sole cause, and not everyone with eczema has food allergies.

In some cases, certain foods may trigger or exacerbate eczema symptoms in individuals who have specific food allergies or sensitivities. Common food allergens that may be linked to eczema include dairy, eggs, nuts, soy, and wheat. It’s important to note that the relationship between food allergies and eczema is complex and varies from person to person.

If you suspect that certain foods may be contributing to your or someone else’s eczema, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional. They may recommend an elimination diet or allergy testing to identify potential triggers. However, it’s crucial to approach dietary changes under the guidance of a healthcare provider, as eliminating certain foods without proper guidance can lead to nutritional deficiencies.

The treatment of eczema (atopic dermatitis)

The treatment of eczema (atopic dermatitis) typically involves a combination of strategies to manage symptoms and improve skin health. Here are some common approaches

Topical Corticosteroids and Non-Steroidal Creams

  • Topical corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory medications that can help reduce redness and itching.
  • Non-steroidal creams, such as calcineurin inhibitors (like tacrolimus or pimecrolimus), are also used to control inflammation. These are often prescribed for sensitive areas like the face and neck.

Emollients and Moisturizers

Regular use of emollients and moisturizers is essential to keep the skin hydrated and reduce dryness. This is an important part of daily eczema management.

Avoiding Triggers

Identifying and avoiding triggers that worsen eczema symptoms can be crucial. Triggers may include certain fabrics, harsh soaps, allergens, or specific foods.


Oral antihistamines may be recommended to help control itching, especially at night. These medications can also help improve sleep.

Wet Wrap Therapy

Wet wrap therapy involves applying a damp layer of bandages or clothing over moisturized skin. This can help soothe and hydrate the skin, especially during flare-ups.

Phototherapy (Light Therapy)

In some cases, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light under controlled conditions may be beneficial. This is typically done under the supervision of a healthcare professional.

Prescription Medications

In severe cases, where other treatments are ineffective, a healthcare provider may prescribe oral medications like corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, or other systemic treatments.

Allergy Testing and Elimination Diets

If food allergies are suspected, allergy testing or elimination diets may be recommended to identify and avoid specific food triggers.

Preventing and managing eczema

Preventing and managing eczema (atopic dermatitis) involves a combination of strategies to avoid triggers, maintain skin health, and address symptoms. Here are some general recommendations.

Skin Care

  • Keep the skin well-moisturized using emollients and fragrance-free moisturizers.
  • Use mild, fragrance-free soaps and detergents.
  • Avoid hot water during baths or showers, as it can strip the skin of natural oils.


  • Choose soft, breathable fabrics like cotton. Avoid wool or rough fabrics that may irritate the skin.
  • Wash new clothes before wearing to remove any potential irritants.

Temperature and Humidity

  • Maintain a comfortable and consistent room temperature.
  • Use a humidifier in dry environments to prevent skin dryness.

Avoid Triggers

  • Identify and avoid triggers that worsen eczema, such as certain foods, allergens, or environmental factors.
  • Be cautious with potential irritants like harsh soaps, perfumes, and household cleaning products.

Allergen Control

If allergies are identified, work with healthcare professionals to manage and control allergen exposure.

It’s important to approach any dietary changes in infants under the guidance of healthcare professionals, as proper nutrition is critical for their growth and development. Eliminating certain foods without appropriate guidance can lead to nutritional deficiencies.

Overall, managing eczema in babies often involves a combination of skincare practices, avoiding irritants, using hypoallergenic products, and, if necessary, addressing potential food allergies in consultation with healthcare providers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *